Calculate and plot the Monte Carlo error of the samples from a JointAI model.

MC_error(x, subset = NULL, start = NULL, end = NULL, thin = NULL,
  digits = 2, warn = TRUE, mess = TRUE, ...)

# S3 method for MCElist
plot(x, data_scale = TRUE, plotpars = NULL,
  ablinepars = list(v = 0.05), ...)



object inheriting from class 'JointAI'


subset of parameters/variables/nodes (columns in the MCMC sample). Uses the same logic as the argument monitor_params in lm_imp, glm_imp, clm_imp, lme_imp, glme_imp, survreg_imp and coxph_imp.


the first iteration of interest (see window.mcmc)


the last iteration of interest (see window.mcmc)


thinning interval (see window.mcmc)


number of digits for output


logical; should warnings be given? Default is TRUE. Note: this applies only to warnings given directly by JointAI.


logical; should messages be given? Default is TRUE. Note: this applies only to messages given directly by JointAI.


Arguments passed on to mcmcse::mcse.mat


the batch size. The default value is “sqroot”, which uses the square root of the sample size. “cuberoot” will cause the function to use the cube root of the sample size. A numeric value may be provided if neither “sqroot” nor “cuberoot” is satisfactory.


a function such that \(E(g(x))\) is the quantity of interest. The default is NULL, which causes the identity function to be used.


the method used to compute the standard error. This is one of “bm” (batch means, the default), “obm” (overlapping batch means), “tukey” (spectral variance method with a Tukey-Hanning window), or “bartlett” (spectral variance method with a Bartlett window).


show the Monte Carlo error of the sample transformed back to the scale of the data (TRUE) or on the sampling scale (this requires the argument keep_scaled_mcmc = TRUE in the JointAI model)


optional; list of parameters passed to plot()


optional; list of parameters passed to abline()


An object of class MCElist with elements unscaled, scaled and digits. The first two are matrices with columns est (posterior mean), MCSE (Monte Carlo error), SD (posterior standard deviation) and MCSE/SD (Monte Carlo error divided by post. standard deviation.)

Methods (by generic)

  • plot: plot Monte Carlo error


Lesaffre & Lawson (2012) [p. 195] suggest the Monte Carlo error of a parameter should not be more than 5% of the posterior standard deviation of this parameter (i.e., \(MCSE/SD \le 0.05\)).


Lesaffre, E., & Lawson, A. B. (2012). Bayesian Biostatistics. John Wiley & Sons.

See also

The vignette Parameter Selection contains some examples how to specify the argument subset.


mod <- lm_imp(y~C1 + C2 + M2, data = wideDF, n.iter = 100)
#> This is new software. Please report any bugs to the package maintainer.
#> est MCSE SD MCSE/SD #> (Intercept) 35.99 1.352 26.07 0.052 #> C1 -27.15 0.937 18.20 0.051 #> C2 0.90 0.043 0.69 0.062 #> M22 -0.35 0.071 0.59 0.122 #> M23 0.15 0.077 0.63 0.123 #> M24 -1.09 0.064 0.56 0.113 #> sigma_y 2.22 0.012 0.16 0.075
plot(MC_error(mod), ablinepars = list(lty = 2))